Gum disease is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world; nearly half of all adult Americans have had some form of gum disease (also known as periodontal disease). While It is preventable, treatable, and even reversible in the early stages, periodontal disease can lead to health complications in the rest of your body, such as, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and more. The name of the earliest stage, gingivitis, literally has the root words gingiv- meaning gum tissue and -itis which means inflammation. Gingivitis can be reversed with a good professional cleaning and continued improvement of oral hygiene. The more advanced stages of periodontitis and advanced periodontitis cannot be cured, but can be managed. What are the causes someone to be at risk of gum disease?
A Build up of Bacteria
Bad oral hygiene can cause buildup of plaque and tartar on your teeth. Plaque and tartar is chock full of bacteria. When on your teeth, it can cause tooth decay. When the buildup along your gum line, it can irritate the gum tissue. The bacteria buildup can also happen beneath the gum line. This buildup may be removed through a deep periodontal cleaning known as a scaling and root planing. When left untreated, the bacteria can cause infection and can lead to damage to the teeth, the roots, and the bones beneath the gums.
Big hormonal shifts caused by pregnancy or menopause can affect the soft tissues of the gums. They can become more sensitive and irritated, which can lead to inflammation. With pregnancy, the onset of gingivitis usually goes away after birth, but you may still want to consult with your doctor or dentist.
Smoking can cause dry mouth, which turns your mouth into a thriving hot bed for bacteria. Smoking can interfere with the gum tissues functionality, which may leave it vulnerable to gum disease.
Even When at Risk, Gum Disease Can Be Prevented
Talk to your dentist if you notice any signs of gum disease. To learn more, schedule a consultation by calling E-Care Dentistry, PA in Olathe, KS, today at 913-210-1701. We also proudly serve patients from Overland Park, Lenexa, Leawood, Gardner, and all surrounding communities.